EUs seneste tilnærmelser til Israel

Reuters

SUBJECT EU to debate strengthening ties with Israel

By Reuters

BRUSSELS – The European Union is heading for a row over ties with Israel

as it attempts to introduce a major new policy designed to bring the bloc

closer to its neighbours, EU diplomats said on Thursday.

Te dispute hinges on whether the EU should extend highly advantageous

economic and political ties to Israel while at the same time condemning

the Jewish state for disproportionate use of force against Palestinians in

Gaza.

EU foreign ministers meeting in Luxembourg on Monday are due to discuss

“action plans” to strengthen ties with the enlarged bloc’s new neighbours,

under the recently-adopted European Neighbourhood Policy.

The ministers will debate the first plans – for Moldova, Ukraine, Jordan,

Morocco, Tunisia, the Palestinian Authority and Israel.

An official of the EU’s Dutch presidency said the plans were due to be

adopted by national leaders at a summit on Nov. 5.

The European Neighbourhood Policy is designed as a substitute for

membership for countries surrounding the bloc, with which the EU would share

“everything but institutions”.

Neighbours will be expected to introduce economic and political reforms to

achieve EU standards of governance.

In return they would eventually receive free trade, the freedom to move

and work across the bloc and all benefits of membership except voting rights

and representation in bodies like the European Parliament and the European

Commission.

Diplomats divided

But EU ambassadors were deeply divided at a meeting on Wednesday over

whether to make such an offer to Israel while the Israeli army was

pressing ahead with its biggest offensive in four years in the Gaza Strip, an EU

diplomat said.

Israel says the offensive is to stop Palestinian militants firing rockets

at Israeli towns.

“Imagine, if the disproportionate use of force is being condemned by

everyone, and at the same time the EU offers this magic plan to move

Israel and the EU closer to each other — a plan which benefits the Israelis,”

the diplomat said.

“At the bottom of this is how we can use for the best our leverage with

Israel. After all, they will get everything but institutions.”

Some EU members, including Germany and the Czech Republic, advocate either

adopting all seven plans together, or none.

Others, including Sweden, Ireland and Spain, say it is impossible to move

forward with Israel at present and suggest adopting some but leaving the

most contentious for later.

A Dutch presidency note on Monday’s foreign ministers’ meeting said

negotiations on the action plans are concluded with six of the partners

but are still continuing with Israel.

The EU is a member of a “Quartet” — with the United States, United

Nations and Russia — promoting peace in the Middle East.

Because the action plans are tailor-made for each partner and differ

significantly from each other, an EU diplomat said, the EU wanted to

include

in the Israeli plan language committing it to a “road map” for peace

outlined by the Quartet.

“Israel is resisting any mention of the Quartet or of obligations towards

the road map. Without these references the action plan will be difficult

for many member states, to say the least,” the diplomat said.

Other diplomats said the Ukraine plan was also contentious in view of an

Oct. 31 presidential election, in which the EU has appealed for a free

poll but expressed worries over whether the administration of President Leonid

Kuchma will allow one.

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