Oversigt over kandidaterne ved det palæstinensiske valg

Palæstina Fredsvagterne

Den palæstinensiske valgkomite CECs liste over kandidaterne til præsidentvalget:Biography of Candidates


At the end of the candidate registration and withdrawal period, seven eligible candidates remained. The following brief biographies of the 2005 presidential candidates, listed in the order in which they will appear on the ballot, were written by each candidate’s representatives.

a. Dr. Mustafa Barghouthi (Independent Candidate)

Dr. Barghouthi was born in Jerusalem and holds a PhD in medicine, a post graduate degree in philosophy and a Masters Degree in Administration and building Administrative Systems. In 1979, he was elected as the president of the Medical Relief Committee, which he had established with a number of colleagues. He was shot by the Israeli army in 1996, arrested in 2002 and banned from entering Jerusalem. He is currently the Secretary-General of the Palestinian National Initiative, Al Moubadara, which he established in cooperation with Dr. Haidar Abdul Shafi, Ibrahim Daqqaq and the late Dr. Edward Said. Dr. Barghouthi was one of the leaders in: the campaign against the apartheid wall at The Hague; the International Solidarity Movement with the Palestinian people and the international campaign to impose sanctions on Israel. He resigned from the Madrid Negotiations delegation in protest against the course of the negotiations which led to the Oslo Accords and the continuation of Israeli settlement building in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.Dr. Bargouthi was awarded several international prizes, including the prize of the International Health Organization in 2002 and the award of defending the Palestinian Human Rights from the Struggle Against Racial Discrimination Organization.

b. Mahmoud Abbas “Abu Mazen” ( FATEH)

Mahmoud Abbas was born in Safad in 1935. His family fled the town and sought refuge in Syria after Safad was occupied by Zionist militias in 1948. Although he was only 13 years old at the time, he had to work for 2 years to assist his family. He studied at home and after finishing his schooling became a teacher. Later he worked as a human resource director at the Ministry of Education of Qatar and during that time visited the West Bank and Gaza Strip several times to select teachers to work in Qatar. He obtained a Law Degree from the University of Damascus and a PhD from the Oriental Institute in Moscow in 1982. He authored several books and studies. Mahmoud Abbas has devoted much of his life to the Palestinian struggle for independence. In the Fifties, he established with several colleagues a secret national organization and later took part in establishing the Palestinian National Liberation Movement (Fatah). He has been a member of Fatah’s Central Committee since 1964 and a member of the PLO’s Executive Committee since 1980. He became the first Palestinian Prime Minister in 2003 and was elected as Chairman of the PLO’s Executive Committee after the death of President Yasser Arafat.

c. Bassam Al-Salhi (People¹s Party of Palestine)

Bassam Al-Salhi was born in the Amari refugee camp in 1960. He obtained his masters degree in international studies and authored several books and political studies. He was elected as the head of the student council at Birzeit University between 1979 and 1981. He led the student movement against the Camp David Agreements for which he was arrested several times and placed under house arrest. He was a member in the National Unified Command of the first Intifada, during which time he was arrested and sentenced to 3 years in prison and an additional 3 years under probation. He participated in the leadership commission of the Tunnel Intifada of 1996 and the Al- Aqsa Intifada of 2000. He is a member of the National Guidance Committee, the Palestinian National Council and the Palestinian Central Council. Recently, Mr. Al-Salhi was a member of the Palestinian delegation to attend court sessions at The Hague that dealt with the issue of the Apartheid Wall. He was also a member of the follow-up Committee on the same file. He has devoted much of his work to mobilize international support for the Palestinian people.

d. Tayseer Khaled (Democratic Front for Liberation of Palestine)

Tayseer Khaled was born in Qaryout village in Nablus in 1941 and holds a Masters degree in Economy and Political Science from Heidelberg University in Germany. He joined the ranks of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) when it was established in 1969, was elected as a member of its political bureau in 1971 and was in charge of the DFLP organization in Lebanon from 1972 to 1982. He headed the international relations office for the DFLP after 1982 and participated in leading the front’s organization in the occupied territories during his stay in Amman between 1982 and 1991. Mr. Khaled was elected as a member of the PLO Executive Committee in 1991 and headed the National Office to Defend the Land and Resist the Settlements. He was injured while leading a large protest against the construction of Israeli settlements in Aseerah al-Qibliyye in 1998. He was arrested by the Israeli occupation troops at the beginning of 2003 and was released in June 2003. He has several publications on economics and politics.

e. Dr. Abd Al Karim Shbair ( Independent Candidate)

Dr. Shbair was born in Gaza in 1959 and holds a PhD in international law. He has devoted much of his work to defending Palestinian political, security and administrative detainees in the Israeli occupation prisons. He also defended Palestinian deportees and lived their suffering on a daily basis. He compiled a 23-volume encyclopedia containing all Israeli military orders and communiqués in the Gaza Strip between 1967 and 1994. His academic dissertation was on the Palestinian constants, mainly the right of return and the rights of refugees. The title of his study was “The Rules governing deportation in International Law: A case study on Israeli practices in the Palestinian territories”. He also conducted a scientific study on solitary confinement of political and security prisoners in Israeli occupation prisons. He practiced law for 22 years and has two law offices in Gaza and Khan Yunis. He lectures at the Gaza Mental Health Program and is a member of several trade unions as well as local and Arab institutions. He participated in many conferences, seminars, and workshops in the field of law, human rights and drafting legislation.

f. Dr. Abd Al Halim Al-Ashqar (Independent Candidate)

Dr. Abd Al Halim Al-Ashqar was born in Sayda village in Tulkarem in 1958. He finished his secondary studies in Ateel School, graduated from Birzeit University in 1982, and obtained his Masters degree from Lavern University in Greece in 1989. He concluded his PhD degree in Business Administration from the University of Mississippi and worked as a professor in several American universities, the last of which was Howard University in Washington. The US Authorities arrested him three times because he refused to testify against some Palestinian and Muslim activists. He is currently under house arrest awaiting trial for refusing to testify on charges of membership in Hamas and assisting Hamas activities.

g. Sayyed Hussein Barakeh (Independent Candidate)

Sayyed Hussein Barakeh was born in Bani Suheila village in Khan Yunis in 1956. He graduated from the Arts College of Alexandria University in 1979. He later worked as a teacher in both Algeria and Palestine. He was arrested three times before and after the first Intifada in 1987 and was deported to Lebanon in 1989 on charges of political leadership of the Islamic Jihad. He remained in exile in Lebanon for ten years and during that time established the “Palestine Martyr Institute” which established Al-Quds Hospital in Ein al-Hilwe in Sidon and a maternity hospital in Burj al-Barajneh in Beirut. The institute also provided job opportunities through the institute and its projects. Also in Lebanon he established the “Palestine Scholars Commission” as a framework for scholars in Lebanon and through which he issued a magazine called “The Guiding Torch”. Mr. Barakeh returned to Palestine in 1998 on the occasion of the holding of the Palestinian National Council and participated in the sessions of the Palestinian Central Council which was held in Gaza. He participated in several activities in terms of political and cultural speeches and sermons. He authored two books: “Building the Aspired Self” and “The Right to Disagree in Righteousness”. He also authored several publications and editorials in the “Mujahid”, a publication issued in Lebanon before his resignation from Islamic Jihad. After his return, he became a Director-General at the Ministry of Youth and Sports until he submitted his resignation to run in the presidential elections.

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